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    THE IMPORTANCE OF WRITING SKILLS FOR EFL LEARNERS: COMMON ERRORS AND WAYS OF IMPROVING
    (СДУ хабаршысы - 2022, 2022) E. Kozhakhmet; S. Tulepova
    Abstract.In order to attain specific language mastery, it is required to obtain four major skills of language such as writing, reading, listening, and speaking. One of the most complicated and highly required skills among all these four skills is writing, and since it is considered to be difficult, it is impossible to acquire this skill in a natural way for EFL (English as a foreign language) learners. Moreover, it is mostly accepted as the skill that has many complexities thus playing a determining role in linguistic output. For example, EFL learners frequently face difficulties in writing connected with such language components as vocabulary, grammatical structure, coherence and cohesion, spelling and punctuation. The following article aims to emphasize the significance of writing in learning a foreign language. It also attempts to highlight some common errors in students’ writings and to suggest extensive reading as an essential solution and effective way of developing writing skills.
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    THE IMPORTANCE OF HEDGING IN ACADEMIC WRITING
    (СДУ хабаршысы - 2022, 2022) D. Shaikenova; S. Tulepova
    Abstract. Academic writing in the English language must comply with certain rules and conventions accepted in the scientific communicative culture. Writers should be careful in expressing their statements and try to soften the claims to avoid being extremely categorical. One of the ways to achieve this is using hedging techniques. Therefore, teaching hedging strategy should become an obligatory aspect in the development of EFL (English as a foreign language) learners’ academic writing competence. The article presents definitions of hedging from different points of view, the importance of using this strategy and the diversity of hedging. This brief overview of hedging techniques aims to inform novice writing instructors of this indispensable part of academic writing and to highlight the significance of teaching them in academic writing classes.